History of Kottakkal

Throughout the world we find that the inspiration of renaissance, derived from the feudal period, later transmuted to the citadel of modern forces. Late acceptance of such a renaissance strategy may be the cause of the political forbearance of Kottakkal. To this, Kottakkal repented by challenging the war cries of British occupation by cultural confrontation. Probably this started with Kunhikuttan Thampuran who translated Maha Bharatham inspired by the religious movement developed after the 15th century. After that noble deed of expressing the elegance of our language, the great P.S. Varier carried it on. His attempts were closely related with the cultural resurrection of Kerala during the colonial period. He gave the local practice of medicine a new shape and dimension. He established a school of medicine in 1917 at Calicut with the idea of education and practice to the Arya Vaidya doctors and later transferred this institution to Kottakkal.Many cultural, intellectual and other activities were centered in this institution. Kavana Kaumudi edited by Kavikula Guru P.V. Krishna Varier, Parama Valsam Theatre, Dhanwanthary Magazine, Kathakali troupe.. were some of them. Even though the perception of Kerala Unity was visible in the works of Kunhikuttan Thampuran, the conception of a United Kerala materialized mostly through the Arya Vaidya Samajam founded by P.S. Varier in 1902. The Samajam was organized and operated on the political fields of Travancore, Cochin and Malabar. The first meeting of Indian National Congress was called for in 1920 and that itself makes the importance of these events more apparent.